NSW observes a number of commemorative events marking the involvement of all who served Australia in conflicts and peacekeeping operations.
Anzac Day (25 April)
The 25th of April was officially named Anzac Day in 1916 to mark the anniversarry of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War. With the coming of the Second World War, Anzac Day also served to commemorate the lives of Australians who died in that war. The meaning of Anzac Day today includes the remembrance of all Australians killed in military operations.
A number of commemorative services are held annually to honour all who have served:
A dawn service is organised by the Dawn Service Trust and held at the Cenotaph Martin Place.
A wreath-laying service is held in the morning at the Cenotaph Martin Place.
A lunchtime commemoration is held at the Anzac Memorial, Hyde Park Sydney, following the Anzac Day March.
The Anzac Day March for all returned servicemen and women is organised by the Returned and Services League of Australia (NSW Branch) each year.
A sunset service is organised by the Returned and Services League of Australia (NSW Branch) at the Cenotaph Martin Place.
Indigenous Veterans Ceremony (May)
As part of National Reconciliation Week, a ceremony is held in each capital city to commemorate the service and sacrifice of Indigenous veterans. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders have fought for Australia in every major conflict since the Boer War.
Boer War Day (31 May)
The Boer War Day commemorates the first war in which Australia fought as a nation. In 1899 NSW troops were the first to join in this war followed by all of the other colonies and after Federation in 1901 Australian units took part. The Boer War was also the first war in which Australians fought alongside New Zealanders.
31 May is the anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging that ended the South African War in 1902. Boer War Day itself is held on the Sunday before 31 May to enable working people to attend. Throughout NSW there are some 145 memorials that were erected during and soon after the Boer War. Boer War Day is marked where there are Boer War memorials or where there are groups of descendants and friends.
Battle of Fromelles (July)
The Battle of Fromelles occurred in France on 19-20 July 1916 during the First World War. The action was intended as a diversion from the larger battle at the Somme and also at taking the Germans in a surprise attack. The diversion failed, some 5,500 Australians were killed and the Germans won a decisive victory. A commemorative service is held at the Anzac Memorial at Hyde Park each year on 19 July.
Reserve Forces Day Parade (July)
The Reserve Forces Day Parade is composed of Australian Navy, Army and Air Force Reserves and visiting overseas troops. The parade has been held since 1998 and it has had up to 5,000 serving and former members participating. The purpose of the parade is to raise the profile of the Reserve Forces and thank former reservists for their service.
Korean War Day (July)
A service of remembrance is held at the Korean War Memorial at Moore Park, Sydney, to mark the armistice signed on 27 July 1953 bringing hostilities to an end on the Korean Peninsula where Australians had served alongside the Republic of South Korea and twenty other nations.
A State Government reception is also held annually to honour all those men and women who served in Korea.
VP Day (15 August)
VP Day (Victory in the Pacific) marks the end of hostilities in the Second World War with the surrender of Japan to the allied forces on 15 August 1945. Almost 40,000 Australian gave their lives during the war.
Vietnam Veterans Day (18 August)
Ceremonies commemorating all Australian Vietnam Veterans are held on the anniversary of the Battle of Long Tan.
A State Government reception is also held annually to honour all those men and women who served in Vietnam.
Battle for Australia (September)
The Battle For Australia is commemorated on the first Wednesday in September at the Cenotaph in Martin Place Sydney. This service commemorates all actions taken in the Pacific Region to defend Australia against the Japanese military force between 1942 and 1945.
Remembrance Day (11 November)
Each year Remembrance Day is observed on 11 November and marks the end of the First World War after four years of conflict. Originally known as Armistice Day, Remembrance Day commemorates the signing of the peace agreement between Germany and the Allies that ended the war. A wreath laying ceremony is held at the Cenotaph Martin Place at 11 am on Remembrance Day. At 11 am on the day, a one minute silence is observed in memory of those who served.